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Post at: Apr 09 2022

Novel Nanoparticles for Crop Protection by IIT Kanpur

Why in News

  • In February 2022, a team of researchers from Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur, ICAR-Indian council of Agricultural Research and University of Hyderabad developed a Novel Nanoparticles (NPs) based Bio - Degradable  Carbonic Metabolite (BioDCM) that can protect agricultural crops from fungal and bacterial infections.

About the Nanoparticles

  • The preparation protocol of Bio DCM - NPs is novel and found to be effective against bacteria Xanthemonas oryzae PV. oryzae whose major host is rice.
  • The Antiparticles (Bio DCM) are protective biological alternative of intain microbial metabolites that can be used to enhance crop protection against various diseases.
  • This nano - bio - pesticide is developed to produce biodegradable nanoparticle system of the secondary metabolite form the fungus Trichromatic Cerebellum Strain TALK1.
  • The invention uses microwave radiation for synthesis.

Application of Novel Nanoparticle

  • It can be used as an antimicrobial agent in agricultural crops.
  • It will also act as a carbon enrichment source for the soil.

Significance of Development of Nanoparticles

  • Natural products are in great demand for plant protection in organic agriculture and export - oriented products. The bio formulation is established to be a potent natural inhibitor in suppressing the growth and development and soil - based plant pathogens, including fungi and bacteria.
  • It helps the crops to defend themselves by eliciting defence and meet demands for better productivity.
  • The invention also helps overcome some shortcomings such as less control on bio-availability, pre-mature degradation and absorption by the crops, thus making it a feasible option for farmers.

Problems faced by farmers

  • According  to a report released by the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in June 2021, farmers around the world lose up to 40% of their crops to insects and illnesses each year, resulting in a $290 billion loss to the global economy.

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