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Post at: Apr 02 2022

One Ocean Summit

Recent Context

  • On 11th of February 2022, the Prime Minister of India addressed the high-level segment of the One Ocean Summit.
  • Notably, the summit was organised by France in Brest, France in cooperation with the United Nations and the World Bank.
  • The summit was addressed by representatives from countries like Germany, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, Canada etc. 

About summit
Objective

  • The Summit aims to mobilize the international community and take concrete action to reduce adverse effects on the ocean, raising its level of ambition on maritime issues. 
  • It focused in particular on the protection of Marine Ecosystems and Sustainable fisheries, the fight against pollution (especially Plastic), Climate Change, and Ocean Governance.

UNEP Workshop

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) hosted two workshops during the summit– Sustainable Tourism in the Blue Economy workshop and the Marine Protected Areas (MPA) workshop. 
  • It is important to mention here that the Summit contributed to the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) that seeks to support transformative ocean science solutions for sustainable development, connecting people and our ocean.

Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030)
The 7 Ocean Decade Outcomes are:

  • A clean ocean where sources of pollution are identified and reduced or removed.
  • A healthy and resilient ocean where marine ecosystems are understood, protected, restored and managed.
  • A productive ocean supporting sustainable food supply and a sustainable ocean economy.
  • A predicted ocean where society understands and can respond to changing ocean conditions.
  • A safe ocean where life and livelihoods are protected from ocean-related hazards.
  • An accessible ocean with open and equitable access to data, information and technology and innovation.
  • An inspiring and engaging ocean where society understands and values the ocean in relation to human wellbeing and sustainable development.

India’s Stand at the Summit

  • While discussing about India, it  has always been a maritime civilization. India’s ancient scriptures and literature talk about the gifts of the oceans including marine life.
  • India’s security and prosperity are linked to oceans. India's ''Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative'' contains marine resources as a key pillar.
  • In this conference Prime Minister of India supported the French initiative of a ''High Ambition Coalition on Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction''.
  • In this summit PM said that India is committed to eliminating single-use plastic. India recently undertook a nation-wide awareness campaign to clean plastic and other waste from coastal areas. Three hundred thousand young people collected almost 13 tons of plastic waste.
  • In August 2021, the Ministry Of Environment Forest And Climate Change has notified the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021 which prohibit specific single-use plastic items which have “low utility and high littering potential” by 2022.
  • Except this India has also directed its Navy to contribute100 ship-days this year to cleaning plastic waste from the seas.

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