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Post at: Apr 02 2022

Medaram Jathara Festival 2022

Recent Context

  • On February 14, 2022, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has sanctioned ₹2.26 Crores for various activities pertaining to Medaram Jathara 2022.

More About Festival  

  • Medaram Jatara is the second-largest fair of India, after the Kumbh Mela, celebrated by the second-largest Tribal Community of Telangana- the Koya tribe for four days.
  • At present, the Jathara festival is biennially celebrated and organized by the Koyas in collaboration with the Tribal Welfare Department, Government of Telangana.
  • The celebrations of the First Day of the "Medaram Jathara" commenced on the 16th of February 2022 as the arrival of Saralamma on to the ‘Medaram Gaddhe’ (Platform) was undertaken by the Koya Tribe of Telangana.

About Sammakka Saralamma Jathara

  • Sammakka Saralamma Jathara or Medaram Jathara is a tribal festival of honouring the goddesses celebrated in the state of Telangana, India. 
  • The Jathara begins at Medaram in Tadvai Mandal in Mulug district. 
  • It commemorates the fight of a mother and daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma, with the reigning rulers against an unjust law. 
  • It is believed that after Kumbha Mela, the Medaram Jathara attracts the largest number of devotees in the country. 
  • It is celebrated in Medaram during the time the goddesses of the tribals is believed to visit them. 
  • Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the largest surviving forest belt in the Mulug district.

Back to the History

  • According to a tribal story, in the 13th century, some tribal leaders who went for a hunting found a new born girl (Sammakka) emitting enormous light playing amidst tigers.
  • She was taken to their habitation . 
  • The head of the tribe adopted her and brought up as a chief tain (She later became the saviour of the tribals of the region) .
  • She was married to Pagididda Raju a feudatory tribal chief of Kakatiyas(who ruled the country of Andhra from Warangal City between 1000 AD and 1380 AD).
  • She was blessed with 2 daughters and one son namely Sarakka, Nagulamma and Jampanna respectively.

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