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Post at: Nov 26 2021

National Achievement Survey-2021

Why in News

  • On 12 November, 2021, The union government conducted the National Achievement Survey in a bid to assess the competencies of children in Class 3, 5, 8 and 10.
    • Earlier, the survey was last conducted in 2017 and was scheduled to take place in 2020 but due COVID-pandemic, it was delayed.

About the survey

  • It is a nationally representative large-scale survey of students' learning.
  • NAS gives a system level reflection on effectiveness of school education.
  • It is conducted by the Ministry of Education, Government of India. 
    • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted NAS 2021.
    • The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) designed an assessment framework and tools for NAS-2021.


  • The survey is assessing about 38 lakh students from 1.23 lakh schools in 733 districts in 36 States and Union Territories.
    • The sampled schools include State and Central government-run schools as well as private and aided schools. 
    • Selection of sampled schools is based on UDISE+2019-20 data.
  • This is the first time when private schools have been included in the NAS for 'grades 3,5 and 8.
    • Earlier, private shools were included for the class 10 NAS that is being conducted separately.


  • The inputs from NAS 2021 are used for policy planning and designing pedagogical interventions to improve quality and ensure equity in learning.
    • It will provide structured feedback on student learning levels at District, State, and national levels.

Language and Grades:

  • The NAS 2021 was conducted in 22 mediums of instruction that covered English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam, Marathi, Manipuri, Mizo, Punjabi, Odia, Telugu, Tamil, Bodo, Urdu, Garo, Konkani, Khasi, Bhutia, Nepali, and Lepcha.
  • It was conducted in different subjects for different grades. 
  • The subject and grades wise break up is below:
    • Grade 3 and 5: Language, EVS, and Mathematics
    • Grade 8: Language, Science, Mathematics, and Social Science
    • Grade 10: Language, Science, Mathematics, Social Science, and English.


  • It will help to diagnose learning gaps of students and determine interventions required in education policies, teaching practices and learning. 
  • Through its diagnostic report cards, NAS findings help in capacity building for teachers, officials involved in the delivery of education.
  • NAS 2021 would be a rich repository of evidence and data points furthering the scope of research and development. 
  • NAS-2021 will help in future decision-making based on data analytics. 

Government Initiatives 

  • National Education Policy 2020.
  • Samagra Shiksha (SS) 2.0
  • NIPUN Bharat Mission
  • PM Poshan Scheme
  • Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE).
  • Performance Grading Index


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