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Post at: Oct 12 2021

India, Australia hold 2+2 dialogue

Why in News?

  • =    On 11th September, 2021 India and Australia began the high-level 2+2 foreign and defence ministerial dialogue in New Delhi.
  • =    They set out an ambitious framework for defence with Afghanistan as a major subject of discussion.

News in Depth

  • In their talks, the two defence ministers discussed the fragile security situation in the Taliban-ruled Afghanistan and their “common concerns” relating to the possible spread of terrorism from there.
  • The dialogue between the ministers was instituted as part of an overall goal to expand strategic cooperation between the two countries.

  • India has such a framework for talks with a very few countries including the US and Japan.

About Australia

  • Australia  is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands.
  • It is the world's sixth-largest country.
  • Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne.
  • The Great Dividing Range, is a cordillera system in eastern  that runs roughly parallel to the east coast of Australia and forms the fifth-longest land-based mountain chain in the world, and the longest within a single country.

India - Australia

  • India was Australia's seventh-largest trading partner and sixth-largest export market in 2020, driven by coal and international education.
  • Two-way goods and services trade with India was $24.4 billion in 2020
  • On 4 June 2020 , India participated in the Australia-India Leaders' Virtual Summit. 
  • At this meeting, boh countries elevated the bilateral Strategic Partnership concluded in 2009 to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP).
  • As part of the CSP, Australian and Indian Foreign and Defence Ministers decided to meet to discuss strategic issues in a '2+2' format at least every two years.
  • India remains Australia's largest source of skilled migrants and the second largest source of international students
     

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