Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9th, September 2021 addressed the 13th BRICS Summit in a virtual format.
Brazil President Jair Bolsanaro, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, Russian President Vladimir Putin, and Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the meeting.
The theme for the Summit was 'BRICS@15: Intra-BRICS Cooperation for Continuity, Consolidation and Consensus'.
News in Detail
This is the second time Prime Minister Modi is chairing the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) Summit.
Earlier, he had chaired the Goa Summit in 2016.
India held the chair in 2012 too.
The Indian Chairship of BRICS this year coincides with the 15th anniversary of BRICS, as reflected in the theme for the summit.
The grouping had a comprehensive meeting on all issues related to security, regional issues, Covid-19, climate change, reform of the UN Security Council, et al.
The 13th BRICS summit also marked the first time the five-nation group has taken collective position on strengthening and reforming multilateral systems.
The New Delhi declaration — it was the first statement by the grouping since the fall of Kabul to the Taliban on August 15 — that followed the BRICS summit, said leaders stressed the need for an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue”.
The summit also adopted the BRICS counter-terrorism action plan.
India’s had four priority areas for its chairship:
These were reform of the multilateral system, counter-terrorism, using digital and technological tools for achieving SDGs and enhancing people-to-people exchanges.
The BRICS leaders called for “refraining from violence and settling the situation by peaceful means in Afghanistan”, through an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue” so as to ensure stability, civil peace, law and order in the country.
They emphasized the need to address the humanitarian situation and to uphold human rights, including those of women, children and minorities.
Russia was the only country who raised the issue of Afghanistan directly.
Russia further added that the withdrawal of US forces and its allies from Afghanistan had led to a “new crisis”
Chinese five proposals for the BRICS:
Strengthen public health cooperation in the spirit of solidarity;
strengthen international cooperation on vaccines in the spirit of equitable access for all;
economic cooperation in the spirit of mutual benefit;
political and security cooperation in the spirit of fairness and justice; and
strengthen people-to-people exchanges in the spirit of mutual learning.
On November 30, 2001, Jim O’Neill, a British economist who was then chairman of Goldman Sachs Asset Management, coined the term ‘BRIC’ to describe the four emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China.
BRICS is an important grouping bringing together the major emerging economies from the world.
It comprises 41% of the world population, having 24% of the world GDP and over 16% share in the world trade.
The leaders of BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries met for the first time in St. Petersburg, Russia, on the margins of G8 Outreach Summit in July 2006.
Shortly afterwards, in September 2006, the group was formalised as BRIC during the 1st BRIC Foreign Ministers’ Meeting.
The 1st BRIC summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia on 16 June 2009.
BRIC group was renamed as BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) after South Africa was accepted as a full member at the BRIC Foreign Ministers’ meeting in New York in September 2010.